Hardiness: Warm-Season Grass
Light: Full sun and shade
Soil: Well-drained soil
Water: Regular water, but is also drought tolerant
Habit: Coarse to fine-textured leaves depending upon the variety. Dense habit that spreads by rhizomes
Zoysiagrass is a tough, aggressive, creeping, warm-seaon grass. It has a leaf texture that can range from coarse to fine depending upon the variety.
Because it has some outstanding qualities, it is often advertised as a miracle grass. It is tolerant of heat and drought, but it also can take some shade and cool temperatures. It forms a dense, wiry, low-maintenance lawn that can crowd out weeds. Its leaf blades come to a point, and some feel that it can be sharp underfoot.
The grass grows slowly and takes longer to establish than many other lawn grasses, and while some varieties tolerate low water, it is not as drought tolerant as bermudagrass.
It can take a wide range of climates but it does go dormant in cold weather, turning tan until the spring, while cool-season grasses are still nice and green. It can be slow to greenup in the spring if cool temperatures are hanging on.
Zoysia grass spreads by rhizomes and stolons and has deep roots. It has been established primarily by plugs or sod, but newer varieties can be established by seed.
This grass is a popular because it has outstanding heat tolerance and stands up to winter better than any other warm-season grass. This also has allowed zoysia grass to survive in many northern, cold weather yards.
As it is a warm-season grass, don’t expect it to break out of dormancy until soil temperatures are above 60° F (16° C). Many homeowners dislike the unattractive and unpopular brown appearance this grass has until it greens up in the spring.
In the proper setting, zoysia grass becomes dense and relatively weed and disease free once it is established. But you must exhibit patience while it gets established, because it does not spread with quickly.
This grass does best in warm, humid climates, but can survive some subfreezing climates. It does not do well in areas where subfreezing temperatures are common. This grass excels in transition and southern zones because of very good drought and heat tolerance.
As for wear and tear, it can take a moderate amount, but it is slow to recover from overuse, and takes its time when growing from seeds or plugs.
The grass is best when used alone. This is a very difficult grass to over seed in the winter, as it has gone dormant while retaining its thick mat.
Fair shade grass
Slow to develop and recover from excessive traffic
Forms a dense turf that is relatively weed-free
Will develop thatch in areas with no traffic
Outstanding winter hardiness
Optimum Mowing Height: 0.5 to 2 inches (1.3 to 5 cm)