We all heard about growing cannabis but only a few talks about cloning it. If you are new to the world of marijuana, cloning cannabis may sound like an experiment that is for tests or unreliable. Where in fact, it actually is an effective method to create more weed.
For those who are curious about how to clone cannabis, it is best to know that it is simply one of the fastest and easiest ways to get more weed. Nonetheless, there are a few important key factors first to get you on the right track.
Important Factors to Consider Before Cloning Marijuana Plants
Just like any other process in producing marijuana, there are a few factors to consider first before cloning cannabis. Whether you are a buyer or seller, these bits of information will guide you and help you evaluate your purchase decisions.
Cost of Supplies
Cloning cannabis saves you money from buying seeds but a clone still requires what a marijuana parent plant needs which are the proper temperature, humidity, lighting, etc. This means that cloning cannabis will consume more electricity since you are using or buying more appliances for its growth.
Investment in Time
Depending on how many you are cloning, it is expected that manually doing the process of cloning cannabis will take some time. However, you can speed up the process by purchasing different types of equipment that is designed for cloning cannabis.
Trial and Error
While cloning pot plants is indeed more of a hassle than simply buying seeds, there are also phases that your clone might die if the process is not done correctly. The methods you use must strictly be implemented properly in order for you clone to develop and grow.
The Origin of Cloning Cannabis
Cloning cannabis is a method of creating a smaller copy of a specific cannabis plant. It is similar to transplanting but a clone is only a part or portion of the parent cannabis plant that has been cut off. This gives the cut off plant to grow its own roots.
The Genetics of the Clone
Before a portion is cut from the parent marijuana plant, some growers wanted to clarify if the genetics of the marijuana clone is the same to the parent plant – the answer to this is yes.
The cannabis clone will have the same genes and it is a complete copy of its parent. In short, if the parent of the clone is a male, it is a guarantee that your clone will also be a male.
Who and When was Cloning Cannabis Discovered?
There is no exact date when cloning cannabis was discovered and a clear person who discovered it, but it is safe to assume that the concept of cloning cannabis came from the idea of plant propagation – the process of growing plants from another source which can be from the parent plant.
The Difference Between Cloning Cannabis and Growing from Seeds
There are several growers who are confused about cloning and growing from seeds since it involves the parent plants. To break it down, cloning cannabis is cutting a part of the parent plant then growing it into another while growing seeds is developing the seed until it turns to a plant.
Cannabis from Seeds
Growing and producing your own cannabis by purchasing seeds is a method known by many, and presumably the only method that most people know. This is by purchasing seeds, but before growing them you need to germinate and determine the sex first.
Seeds are produced by contacting the male and female through sexual reproduction. Afterward, the female will produce seeds after pollination.
Reproducing in clones is possible, this is a form of asexual reproduction wherein it produces itself without a partner. The clone that was cut from the parent is genetically identical.
With cloning, you will have a garden that is a guarantee of duplicates from the plant that it came from since every single one is genetically identical including the characteristics that comes along with it which are the flavors, thc level, yield, and even the growing time.
This is the reason why you can save a lot of money from cloning, especially if you have a premium plant. You could have dozens of replicas or even more! You no longer have to buy new seeds every time you grow a plant.
How To Clone Marijuana Plants
Another question that new growers tend to ask is how do you clone marijuana plants or what methods are there? Well, it is relatively easy and you can do it with just a few items, and purchasing a medium. Afterward, proceed to cutting and transplanting.
Items Needed for Cloning
Scissors are definitely required, without this, cloning will be difficult or close to impossible which is most unlikely since we all have scissors laying around in the house. The scissors are used to cut the branches of the mother plant
The quality of the scissor matters here since a bad pair of scissors can bend the branch instead of cutting and a rusty one could cause complications.
Razor or Trimmer
With the use of a razor or trimmer, you can easily trim up the excess cuttings that might disturb the process of the clone development.
A Rooting Set-Up
A rooting set-up requires a clean and plain surface so a tray would be just fine
A rooting hormone is essential in order for the cloning to be successful. So it is best to double-check on the rooting hormone first before proceeding.
Choosing the Correct Rooting Medium
The correct rooting medium will keep your clone in a healthy state. Common rooting mediums are substrates that are not a type of soil like coco peat, foam, rockwool, rooting cubes, etc. Experiment with which medium is best for you as long as new clones must have plenty of light (about 18 hours) and the correct amount of humidity.
What is a Rockwool?
It is a type of rock that is melted. It is spun in a fine thread with a good mount airflow and moisture retention. Rockwool can be found in your local grow stores and at online grow shops as well.
What are Cubes?
If you are considering using cubes, you will need to purchase trays, preferably a tray-cell insert, and a dome. The cubes are for clones, and the cubes will be stored in the tray-cell insert.
What are Domes?
Domes keep the humidity that is placed over your tray.You can associate this with a heat mat as well.
What is an Auto-Cloner?
An auto-cloner saves you time by cutting down the amount of work needed to monitor on the clones through the use of aeronopics. These machines spray the bottom of your cuttings by intervals. Since it is a machine, it is quite expensive compared to the traditional mediums above this listing.
How to Cut the Mother Plant
Before cutting the mother plant, you need to make sure that the mother plant is completely healthy to avoid complications and prevent mishaps. The mother plant must also be at least two months in the vegetative cycle. It is also important to keep in mind that you must not cut a plant that has flowered.
Step 1: Clean your Environment
First things first, make sure your environment is clean and polished. This is to ensure that no filth will damage your plants. Grubs and dirt will pose a threat to your plants. It is also recommended to wash your plants as well.
Step 2: Do NOT Fertilize the Mother Plant
It is critical that the mother plants must not be fertilized for a few days that is near the cutting. The purpose of doing this is to allow nitrogen to flow through the leaves.
Step 3: Check the Plant’s Branches
To fully get the best result, choose a plant that has sturdy and healthy branches. Preferably, two nodes on the final cutting. Whatever characteristic you cut will reflect on the clone. A healthy clone will turn into a healthy plant.
Step 4: Cutting Process
This part must not have mistakes. When cutting, it is vital that you do not cut more or cut less. The cut must be above the node on the mother plant. It is recommended to use a pair of scissors that is capable of creating a clean cut.
Step 5: Trimming
After successfully cutting, use a sharp razor to cut below the bottom node of the fresh cutting exactly at a 45 angle. This gives the surface area more room leading to a faster growth development.
Step 6: Transferring the Fresh Cutting
For the next step, immediately place your cutting into a rooting hormone. Afterward, put it directly into a root cube. If you are using an auto-cloner, simply place the rooting hormone in the auto-cloner after you take all your cuttings.
Step 7: Removing Unnecessary Leaves
After taking a cutting, remove the unnecessary leaves that can be located towards the bottom and might as well clip off the tips of the excess leaves. Removing unnecessary leaves will promote photosynthesis.
Transplanting the Roots
Now that you are done with cutting,monitor it daily to make sure that there is a sufficient amount of water, sunlight, and air flow. If you are using an auto-cloner, regularly check it as well and the rest will be up to the machine.
If you find dead clones, remove them at once to avoid mold from spreading to the healthy ones. This will give the other clones more space as well.
Clones will be ready to transplant into the soil in more or less 12 days but not more than 15. Although some may take longer. You can determine that they are ready if you see white roots that have a length of an inch or two.
Step 1: Put Soil First
Grab the correct amount of soil then place it in the pot or container that you are using. Arrange the soil while doing this.
Step 2: Water the Soil Before Transplanting the Clone
This is to prevent soil from moving around
Step 3: Dig a Hole
With a gardening tool or with just your hand, dig a hole that is an inch or two deep.
Step 4: Put the Clone in Gently
This is the final part of the entire cloning process. Put the Clone in, and keep track of its growth until it fully develops.