During the winter months, many floral shops will be filled with plants that produce brightly colored blooms. Common finds in the floral department can range from African violets to miniature roses but one of the easiest to grow is the primrose.
While there are hundreds of different primroses available, only a few can survive the indoor environment. Below is a list of the common ones that can be found.
- Fairy Primrose (Primula malacoides) This variety produces star-shaped flowers on tall stems.
- German Primrose (Primula obconica) This variety has poisonous foliage, which irritates skin. It has fragrant blooms that come in several colors including white, red, pink, and lilac with green centers.
- English Primrose (Primula polyantha) This variety produces fragrant flower in pink, purple, yellow, red, orange, white, and bicolor with yellow centers.
- Chinese Primrose (Primula sinensis) This variety is small in stature and produces ruffled flowers in shades of lilac and pink.
When choosing a plant, make sure to pick up whose blooms are just beginning to open. Doing this will extend the life of the blooms. Also, placing the plant in a room that is kept between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit will extend the life of the plant.
After you have brought your plant home and have chosen a suitable room, the next element to consider is the amount of sunlight. Primroses do best when they are placed in indirect but bright sunlight. They also like a high level of humidity. To aid this element, simply place the primrose on a saucer filled with stones and water. Do not add humidity by misting the plant. Primroses have small hairs on their leaves like African violets and the added moisture can cause a fungal problems.
Some common problems do exist when you are enjoying primroses. This includes yellowing leaves, dry leaves with brown spots and leaves with brown tips. Yellowing leaves indicate overwatering. To solve this problem, simply make sure your plant is in a container with a drainage hole and always remove it from its plastic or floral wrap when watering.
A dry leaf with brown spots is caused by too much light. This is easily solved by moving the plant to a different location.
A leaf with brown tips is an indication of two possible problems. One, the air can be too dry, which is easily solved by placing the pot on a tray of pebbles and water. The second issue is not as easy to solve and is an indication of a buildup of soluble salt. To solve this problem, simple water a couple of times to flush out the salt.
Primroses are hard to get to bloom again and many floral varieties do not do well outside. There is one variety, though, that does well in both environments and this variety is the English Primrose. If you decide to move your primrose outdoors, merely place your plant in a shady location.