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    Back to Grass Types    |   Bermudagrass

Bermudagrass - Cynodon spp.



Warm-Season Grass, but can take some cold


Full sun

Not fussy


Does best with regular water, can take some drought

Fine-textured, dense habit that spreads by aggressive runners

Moderate to High


Bermuda is a creeping turfgrass that is easily grown in most soils, tolerates both low and high maintenance regimes, and is used for everything from home lawns to golf courses.

Depending upon the variety, bermudagrass will resist many diseases and can take an enourmous amount of wear and tear.

It has deep roots that allow it to take heat and some drought, but it looks better when it receives regular water. New hybrid varieites show improved texture, color, and tolerance to drought, heat and cold. Bermuda is considered a warm-season grass, but it does well in some cool-season areas.

Older, common bermuda can be difficult to contain and its aggressive runners can get into flower beds, sidewalk cracks, etc. It has a vigorous growth rate that makes is prone to developing thatch.

Bermuda grass does best in warm, humid climates, it likes full sun, and tends to turn yellow or brown and go dormant in cool shade areas or if the temperature drops to 50° to 60° F (10° to 16° C). New hybrid varieties however, do show better texture, color, and tolerance to drought, heat, and cold.

Hybrid bermudagrass does need more sun, fertilizer, and frequent mowing than the older common bermudagrass, sometimes needing to be mowed one to three times a week during its fastest growing period in the summer. Bermudagrass likes regular, heavy fertilization, and watering to retain its color.

Bermudagrass should be cut around a height of 3/4 to 1 inch (1.9 to 2.5 cm) tall, which may require mowing one to three times per week. Mowing at this height will encourage a dense, thriving turf that naturally blocks weeds. If Bermuda is cut any taller than 1 inch (2.5 cm), it will be thinner and straggly looking. A good healthy lawn of bermuda should look like a big, green, dense mat.

Bermuda grass is best when used alone. Do not mix it with other grasses and do not mix common bermuda grass with hybrid bermuda grass as patches will develop.

Unique qualities:

Poor shade grass
Will develop thatch in areas with no traffic
Hybrid bermuda grasses cannot be established by seed

Optimum Mowing Height: .75 to 1 inches (1.9 to 2.5 cm) for best turf - if cut any taller than 1 inch (2.5 cm), it will be thinner, straggly looking, and may turn yellow. Bermuda should look like a big, green, dense mat.

Grass Types | Warm Season Grasses | Bahiagrass | Blue Gramagrass | Buffalograss
Centipedegrass | Bermudagrass | St. Augustinegrass | Zoysiagrass


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