When one thinks of an orchard, the picture is normally one of apple and peach trees planted in rows across a perfect landscape. But did you know that pears are just as easy to grow as apples and peaches. Well, they are and with the hints described below you will be growing and harvesting pears before you know it.
Pear selection is very important and choosing the incorrect variety will affect your success rate. Two considerations one will need to look at include the number and location. First how many pear trees do you plan to plant? This is very important since pear trees can be either self-pollinating or requiring cross pollinating from at least two trees. Second where you are going to plant the pear tree is another consideration. If you are going to create a typical orchard, then you can use a standard size. If on the other hand, you are going to utilize a container as your garden space, then you will need a dwarf variety.
Garden selection is another factor that needs to be considered. Pears love to be in a well-drained soil that is located in bright sunlight but they do need some type of windbreak around them.
Once you have chosen your tree, the next step is to prepare the garden space. The hole will need to be dug so that it is as deep as the container the tree is in but twice to three times the width. After the hole has been dug, mix the remaining soil with a good portion of well-seasoned manure and/or compost.
Now you are ready to place your plant in the hole and backfill with the soil mixture described above. If you are planting more than one tree, space them 20 feet apart. After all trees have been planted, water in to settle the soil. Throughout the growing season monitor the soil’s moisture level and water accordingly.
If planting in a container, one will need to pick a pot that is at least 10 gallons. Once you have picked the container, wash and sterilize it, place drainage material in the bottom and fill with a combination of an all-purpose soil and aged manure and/or compost. Plant as described above.
Pruning is an important task that needs to be done to keep the pear tree healthy. Have said that, pruning should not occur until the tree has been in the orchard for one year and then at that point dead limbs need to be removed, suckers need to be cut away and the leader needs to be cut. The leader is the middle branch that if topped will encourage outward growth verses upward growth.
In about eight years, your tree will reward you with a beautiful crop of pears and will continue with this production for many years to come.